In Islam, it is not an obligation to have an officiant present at the nikah. Marriages in Islam are still valid even without one. However, since marriage is also considered a form of worship in Islam, it has been a tradition to have a third person oversee a nikah since the Prophet Muhammad's ﷺ times. People were asked to be married in the presence of a dignified person who has a deep understanding of religious and Islam’s legal fiqh rulings. Since Nikahs are a sacred and binding commitment between the husband and wife, an Imam or learned person usually officiates the ceremony. However, any knowledgable muslim, male or female, may officiate the Nikah. It’s highly recommended to find someone knowledgeable about the fiqh rules of nikah, and helpful if they also know what information your local government needs about your nikah, so that you can apply for a marriage license easily. Many countries have laws requiring an officiant, and some places require that that officiant be registered with the government.
If your marriage officiant is willing and able to, it’s highly recommended to go over the 4-page nikah contract that comes with your nikahnama with your officiant, so that they can make sure that any stipulations you put into the contract are Islamically valid. Some marriage officiants also provide premarital counseling, which we highly recommend all couples to do to iron out any issues or concerns they have before the nikah. For our couples in the United States, we are proud partners with Muslim Wedding Services, which offers marriage officiant services throughout the country.